Latest issue of Transactions now available online

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Wednesday, 5 April 2017

The latest issue of Transactions features an Editorial from Brian Greenwood "Elimination of malaria: halfway there". It reflects on the remarkable global health success of reducing the burden of malaria by around a half over the last 15 years but also discusses the remaining major challenges we face. Look out for our malaria web collection of papers later this month in support of World Malaria Day.

Editor's Choice this month is a freely available commissioned review paper from Elliot et al on a life without worms. This review reflects upon our age-old interaction with worms, and the broader ramifications of life without worms for vaccine responses and susceptibility to other infections, and for allergy-related and metabolic disease. The authors discuss the controversy around the benefits of mass drug administration for the more subtle morbidities that have been associated with worm infections and looks at the broader, additional aspects of life without worms, which may be either beneficial or detrimental. Professor Alison Elliot presented on this topic at the African Academy of Sciences and RSTMH joint meeting on The Epidemilogical Transition in Nairobi last year.

What else is in the issue?

We have two further review papers. The first is a meta-analysis from WHO authors Montresor et al on how preventive chemotherapy in one year reduces by over 80% the number of individuals with soil-transmitted helminthiases causing morbidity. The second is from Martin Heyworth on the genetic aspects and environmental sources of microsporidia that infect the human gastrointestinal tract.

The issue also sees two full length original research articles. The first an Open Access ecological study from Zachariah et al on the effect of the 2014/2015 Ebola outbreak on reproductive health services in a rural district of Guinea. They found that all services assessed were affected by Ebola but although family planning recovered post-Ebola, shortfalls were observed in recovery of antenatal care and institutional deliveries. The second original research paper is from Benn et al looking at the seasonal and sex-specific variations in haematological parameters in 4 to 5.5-month-old infants in Guinea-Bissau, West Africa.

To round up the issue, we have a short communication from Munhenga et al on the effect of ionising (gamma) radiation on female Anopheles arabiensis.

Read the full issue here.

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